Hamster Reproduction and Breeding

Hamsters have the most offspring when they are between 10 weeks and 15 months old. Breeders employ pairings of one male and one female hamsters, as well as groups of one male and many females. Hamster breeding is best left to expert breeders because hamsters (especially females) can become hostile while mating. Furthermore, a number of genetic problems have been linked to distinct varieties of hamsters, therefore breeding hamsters without knowing their genetic history is not advised.

Pregnancies typically last 16 to 22 days, depending on the species of hamster. (Pregnancies in Syrian hamsters typically last 16 to 17 days.) A pregnant woman may have a minor increase in girth or a bigger abdomen a few days before giving birth. As the time to deliver the litter approaches, pregnant hamsters may become restless and active, and they may experience vaginal bleeding. Provide nesting material when they are ready to give birth. This makes them feel safer and reduces the likelihood that new mothers may abandon or devour their children. Mothers and litters should be left alone for at least 7 days following birth, especially if the mother has never given birth before. Fostering abandoned children to a new mother is rarely successful. Limit your activity in the vicinity of the cage to supplying food and water as needed.

Normal litters have 6 to 8 puppies, and the pups are weaned after 21 to 28 days. Puppies are hairless and have closed eyes and ears; nonetheless, puppies have their front teeth (incisors) from birth. In most circumstances, it is okay to start handling the puppies about 7 days old. Puppies can be given solid food that has been moistened with water as early as 10 days of age. Food and drink should be placed near the floor and within easy reach.

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