How Many Years Do Horses Live?

More than 7 million domesticated horses are raised in the United States as working and companion animals. There are around 460,000 horse farms and over a million horse owners in the United States. 

These dogs are adored by their owners, who rely on them for labor, transportation, recreation, and companionship. How long may horses be expected to live under the care of their owners?

Life Expectancy of Horses

Horses live an average of 25 to 30 years. Domestic horses, on the other hand, have rarely lived into their 50s or 60s. A horse's longevity is determined by several factors, including:

  • Nutrition.
  • How many times have they reproduced.
  • Diseases.
  • Dental hygiene.
  • Physical activity level.

There are numerous things you can do to ensure that your horse lives as long as possible.

Nutrition. Hay or grass should make up the majority of a horse's diet. Make sure it's clean, mold-free, and dust-free. Small meals should be given to horses throughout the day. If left untreated for too long, they may form ulcers.

Ensure that food and water are always available for your horse to consume whenever they desire.

Grain should be included in your horse's diet as well. Feed them grains in moderation. They contain a lot of carbs. They provide energy to horses, but too much grain might cause joint issues.

If you drastically alter your horse's diet, he or she may have stomach troubles. If you plan to travel, prepare enough food for your horse to avoid having to replace it regularly. Any dietary adjustments should be implemented gradually.

Services for animals. Horses, like any pets, require regular veterinarian care. Immunizations such as the following may be required:

  • Rabies.
  • Tetanus.
  • Encephalomyelitis.
  • Influenza.
  • Equine herpesvirus 1.
  • Equine herpesvirus 4.
  • Botulism.
  • Potomac horse fever (equine monocytic ehrlichiosis and equine ehrlichial colitis).
  • Equine viral arteritis.
  • Rotavirus.
  • West Nile virus.
  • Strangles (Streptococcus equi).

Vaccinations extend the lives of horses by preventing them from catching common illnesses. Consult your veterinarian to find out what injections your horse needs. The vaccines they require are determined by their age, amount of travel, and location.

You should also regularly inspect your horse's dung for worms and consult your veterinarian for the finest deworming treatments. Worms can be avoided by giving your horses enough space and collecting their excrement regularly.

Horses' teeth must also be checked and filed by a vet once or twice a year (this is known as floating). Horse teeth never stop growing. They can develop uneven wear, which can cause feeding issues. Filing them professionally evens them out. Check your horse's teeth for decay.

Housing for horses. Horses require a clean environment where they may be protected from the elements. They require a three-sided building that they can enter at any time. A barn or fully enclosed building is preferable. The structure protects against rain, wind, snow, heat, and insects.

You must keep the building clean by removing manure daily.

In addition to shelter, your horse may require additional care during severe weather. When it's hot outside, give them plenty of water. Give them minerals, such as a salt lick, during heat waves to keep them hydrated. When the weather is chilly and damp, cover them with a waterproof horse blanket.

Exercise. All horses require frequent activity, such as riding. They also require a meadow where they can freely roam. Make certain that the pasture has a strong fence that does not contain barbed wire. Horses should not be confined to a stall for the entire day unless a veterinarian recommends it due to an injury.

Take care of the feet. Healthy hooves indicate a healthy horse. A horse's ability to exercise can be hampered by hoof problems. Every month or two, trim a horse's hooves. Consider installing horseshoes on your horse depending on their body type and activity level to keep their hooves in good shape.

Other Facts Regarding Horse Lifespan

Equus caballus is the only species of horse. However, there are numerous horse breeds and varieties. While they are of the same species, wild horses live shorter lives than domestic horses due to a lack of balanced food, veterinary care, and regular shelter. The oldest wild horse lived for 36 years, whereas the oldest domestic horse lived for 62.

Furthermore, the lifespans of different horse breeds may differ slightly. Ponies, for example, live longer than larger kinds. Larger breeds have a shorter lifespan.

It can be difficult to determine a horse's age, but their teeth can help. Keep any documents for your horse so that you and future owners know how old they are.

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